Bruno FRANCOIS

Equipe RESEAUX



Professeur a l Ecole Centrale de Lille



L2EP - Ecole Centrale de Lille
BP48 - 59651 Villeneuve d Ascq - France

Tel : +33 (0)3.20.33.54.59
Fax : +33 (0)3.20.33.54.54

Email : bruno.francois@ec-lille.xx

 

Bienvenue sur ma page personnelle ou je vous presente
les differents aspects de ma fonction d enseignant-chercheur (mise a jour : 11-10-2009)

Recherche

Projets

Publications

Enseignement

Autre



 

-- Bilan d activites --

Mise a jour du 04/10/2017

 

-- Scientific reports --

PhD :

" Environnement d aide a la decision pour les reseaux electriques de raccordement des fermes eoliennes en mer:
Conception et evaluation robuste sous incertitudes. "
" Decision support framework for offshore wind farm electrical networks:
Robust design and assessment under uncertainties. "
PhD report, Swann GASNIER
,
November 7th, 2017 , pdf file

" Gestion energetique sous incertitude:
Application a la planification et a l'allocation de reserve dans un micro reseau electrique urbain comportant des generateurs photovoltaiques actifs et du stockage "
" Energy management under uncertainty:
" Application to the day-ahead planning and power reserve allocation of an urban microgrid with active photovoltaic generators and storage systems "
PhD report, Xingyu YAN
,
May, 18th, 2017 , pdf file

" Methodes pour la planification pluriannuelle des reseaux de distribution
Application a l analyse technico-economique des solutions d integration des energies renouvelables intermittentes "
PhD report, Heloise DUTRIEUX
,
03 novembre 2015, pdf file

" Gestion des flux energetiques dans un systeme hybride de sources d energie renouvelable :
Optimisation de la planification operationnelle et ajustement d un micro reseau electrique urbain "
PhD report, Hristiyan KANCHEV
,
24 janvier 2014, pdf file

" Evaluation de la Performance des Reglages de Frequence des Eoliennes a l echelle du Systeme Electrique,
Application a un Cas Insulaire "
PhD report, Ye WANG
,
20 novembre 2012 , Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Supervision d une ferme eolienne pour son integration dans la gestion d un reseau electrique,
Apports des convertisseurs multi niveaux au reglage des eoliennes e base de machine asynchrone a double alimentation "
PhD report, Tarak GHENNAM
,
September 29th, 2011, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Design and control of an actif PV generator with embeded storage: Application to the agregration of prosumers into an urban smart microgrid "
" Conception et controle d un generateur PV actif a stockage integre: Application a l agregation de producteurs-consommateurs dans le cadre d un micro reseau intelligent urbain "
PhD report, Di LU
,
December 16th, 2010, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Contribution du Stockage a la Gestion Avancee des Systemes electriques,
Approches Organisationnelles et Technico-economiques dans les Reseaux de Distribution "
PhD report, Gauthier DELILLE
,
18 Novembre 2010, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Research on Graphical Modeling and Low Voltage Ride-Through Control Strategies of Doubly Fed Induction Wind Generator System "
" Reconfiguration du dispositif de commande d une eolienne en cas de creux de tension "
PhD report, Ling PENG
,
June 17th, 2010, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Control and Energy Management of a Hybrid Active Wind Generator including Energy Storage System with Super-capacitors and Hydrogen technologies for Microgrid Application "
PhD report, Tao ZHOU
,
June 30th, 2009, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Formalisme pour la Supervision des Systemes Hybrides Multi-Sources de Generateurs d energie Repartie : Application e la Gestion deun Micro Reseau "
" Design formalism for the supervision of dispersed multi source and hybrid power systems: Application for the management of microgrids "
PhD report, Peng LI
,
19 juin 2009, No d ordre : 100, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Structure de conversion energetique reposant sur l utilisation d un convertisseur multiniveau et d unites de stockage "
PhD report, Omar BOUHALI
,
19 Avril 2007, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Surveillance des systemes electroniques de puissance embarques dans le vehicule electrique : Methodes et outils "
PhD report, Faeza CHARFI
,
11 Decembre 2004, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Modelisation de differentes technologies d eoliennes integrees dans un reseau de moyenne tension "
PhD report, Salma EL AIMANI
,
06 Decembre 2004, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Etude de l integration de la production decentralisee dans un reseau basse tension. Application au generateur photovoltaique "
PhD report, Yann PANKOW
,
10 Decembre 2004, Ecole Centrale de Lille, pdf file

" Commande des structures matricielles multiniveaux : Application au convertisseur N.P.C. "
PhD report, Hugues RALAIVAO
,
16 Decembre 1999, U.S.T.L.

" Conception des dispositifs de commande des convertisseurs de puissance par modulation directe des conversions , Perspectives pour l insertion de production d energie dispersee dans les reseaux electriques,
Habilitation a Diriger des Recherches de l Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1
,
28 octobre 2003, No d ordre : H390, pdf file

"Formalisme de Modelisation et de Synthese des Commandes applique aux Convertisseurs Statiques a Structure Matricielle",
These de Doctorat de l Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille 1
,
08 janvier 1996, No d ordre : 1677, pdf file

" Les reseaux de neurones utilises en commande intelligente de processus",
Rapport de D.E.A.
,
Juillet 1992

 

-- SELECTED PUBLICATIONS --

(Do not hesitate to contact me for further informations.)

books

[O.1] " Production d energie electrique a partir des sources renouvelables ",

Benoit ROBYNS, A DAVIGNY, Bruno FRANCOIS, A HENNETON, J SPROOTEN
Hermes Sciences Publications-Lavoisier, ISBN. 978-2-7462-2489-6, 5-2012

Les enjeux energetiques et environnementaux sont a l origine d une forte croissance de la production d electricite a partir d energies renouvelables depuis le debut du XXIeme siecle. Le concept de developpement durable et le souci des generations futures nous interpellent au quotidien permettant l emergence de nouvelles technologies de production d energie, et de nouveaux comportements d utilisation de ces energies. L emergence rapide de nouvelles technologies peut rendre la comprehension et donc la perception de celle-ci difficile. Ce livre a pour but de contribuer e une meilleure connaissance de ces nouvelles technologies de production d electricite en s adressant a un public varie. En effet, il presente les enjeux, les sources et leurs moyens de conversion en electricite suivant une approche generale et developpe les notions scientifiques de base permettant d en apprehender les principales caracteristiques techniques avec une vision d ensemble. Les objectifs de cet ouvrage sont :
- de presenter les systemes de production d electricite a partir de ressources energetiques renouvelables des petites aux moyennes puissances (jusque 100 e 200 MW),
- d introduire les notions electrotechniques de base necessaire e la comprehension des caracteristiques de fonctionnement de ces convertisseurs,
- d evoquer les contraintes et problemes deintegration dans les reseaux electriques de ces moyens de production,
- de proposer quelques exercices pour s autoevaluer.
Contenu
1. La production d electricite a partir d energie renouvelable,
2. Le solaire photovoltaeque,
3. L eolien,
4. L hydroelectricite terrestre et marine : houle et marees, et Antoine Henneton.
5. La production d origine thermique,
6. Problematique de l integration de la production decentralisee dans le reseau electrique.

disponible ici

[O.2] Electric power generation from renewable sources

Benoit ROBYNS, A DAVIGNY, Bruno FRANCOIS, A HENNETON, J SPROOTEN
ISTE Wiley, ISBN. 978-1-8482-1390-6, 2-2012

Energy and environmental issues have caused a marked increase in electricity production from renewable energy sources since the beginning of the 21st Century. The concept of sustainable development and concern for future generations challenge us every day to produce new technologies for energy production, and new patterns of use for these energies. Their rapid emergence can make the understanding and therefore the perception of these new technologies difficult. This book aims to contribute to a better understanding of the new electricity generation technologies by addressing a diverse audience. It presents the issues, sources and means of conversion into electricity using a general approach and develops scientific concepts to understand their main technical characteristics. Systems of electricity generation from renewable energy resources of small to medium powers are presented. The basic electrical concepts necessary for understanding the operating characteristics of these energy converters are introduced, and the constraints and problems of integration in the electrical networks of those means of production are discussed. Several exercises are provided to the reader for evaluation purposes.
Contents
1. Decentralized Electricity Production from Renewable Energy,
2. Solar Photovoltaic Power,
3. Wind Power,
4. Terrestrial and Marine Hydroelectricity: Waves and Tides,
5. Thermal Power Generation,
6. Integration of the Decentralized Production into the Electrical Network

disponible ici

[O.3] Vector Control of Induction Machines. Desensitisation and Optimisation Through Fuzzy Logic

Benoit ROBYNS, Bruno FRANCOIS, Philippe DEGOBERT, Jean-Paul HAUTIER
Springer Verlag, ISBN. 978-0-85729-900-0, 2-2012

After a brief introduction to the main law of physics and fundamental concepts inherent in electromechanical conversion, Vector Control of Induction Machines introduces the standard mathematical models for induction machines e whichever rotor technology is used e as well as several squirrel-cage induction machine vector-control strategies. The use of causal ordering graphs allows systematization of the design stage, as well as standardization of the structure of control devices. Vector Control of Induction Machines suggests a unique approach aimed at reducing parameter sensitivity for vector controls based on a theoretical analysis of this sensitivity. This analysis naturally leads to the introduction of control strategies that are based on the combination of different controls with different robustness properties, through the use of fuzzy logic supervisors. Numerous applications and experiments confirm the validity of this simple solution, which is both reproducible and applicable to other complex systems. Vector Control of Induction Machines is written for researchers and postgraduate students in electrical engin ering and motor drive design.
Keywords :
Efficient Power Operation - Fuzzy Logic Control - Induction Machine - Parameter Sensitivity - Vector Control Table of contents Concepts for Electromechanical Conversion.- Dynamic Modeling of Induction Machines.- Vector Control of the Induction Machine.- Theoretical Study of the Parametric Sensitivity.- Fuzzy Supervisor.- Applications.

disponible ici

[O.4] Commande vectorielle de la machine asynchrone. Desensibilisation et optimisation par la logique floue

Benoit ROBYNS, Bruno FRANCOIS, Philippe DEGOBERT, Jean-Paul HAUTIER
Editions TECHNIP, ISBN. 978-2-7108-0834-3, 8-2007

Dans beaucoup deapplications a vitesse variable la machine asynchrone tend a se substituer a la machine a courant continu. Cette evolution, motivee par d indeniables qualites de robustesse et de fiabilite, est permise grece aux convertisseurs de puissance et d electronique de commande. Toutefois, un probleme majeur demeure : le modele de Park classique de la machine, indispensable a la conception de son dispositif de commande, depend de parametres variants fortement suivant les conditions de fonctionnement de la machine. Apres des rappels sur les principales lois physiques et concepts fondamentaux propres a la conversion electromecanique, les modeles mathematiques classiques de la machine asynchrone quelle que soit la technologie du rotor et differentes strategies de commande vectorielles de la machine asynchrone e cage sont presentes. Leutilisation du formalisme des Graphes In-formationnels Causaux (G.I.C) permet de systematiser la demarche de conception et d uniformiser la structure d un dispositif de commande. L ouvrage propose ensuite une approche originale permettant de reduire la sensibilite parametrique des commandes vectorielles basees sur une analyse theorique de cette sensibilite. Cette etude amene naturellement a proposer des strategies de contrele bas es sur la combinaison de differentes commandes ayant des proprietes de robustesse differentes, a l aide de superviseurs a logique floue. Des applications et de nombreux resultats experimentaux viennent confirmer le bien-fonde de cette solution simple, reproductible et applicable e deautres systemes complexes.

disponible ici

[O.5] Energy Storage in Electric Power Grids

Benoit ROBYNS, Bruno FRANCOIS, Gauthier DELILLE, Christophe SAUDEMONT
ISTE Wiley, ISBN: 978-1-84821-611-2 , 2015

The storage of electrical energy is a long-standing issue that has been only very partially resolved to date, particularly from an economic perspective. The development of renewable energies and the need for means of transport with reduced CO2 emissions have generated new interest in storage, which has become a key component of sustainable development. The aim of this book is to contribute to the better understanding of both existing storage technologies and those that are under development, particularly with regard to their management and economic enhancement. Across seven chapters, the authors highlight the importance of storing electrical energy in the context of sustainable development in "Smart Grids". They discuss the variety of services that storing electrical energy can provide and support. Methodological tools are provided following a generic approach based on artificial intelligence, among other. They are presented throughout the book and discussed alongside concrete case studies to provide practical examples of their possible applications.
Contents
1. Issues in Electrical Energy Storage.
2. Recent developments in energy storage
3. Applications and values of energy storage in electric grids.
4. Introduction to fuzzy logic and application to the management of kinetic energy storage in a Hybrid wind-diesel system.
5. Supervisor design methodology for a windpower source combined with storage.
6. Design of a hybrid multi-source/multi-storage supervisor.
7. Management and economic enhancement of adiabatic compr

disponible ici

[O.6] Gestion et valorisation du stockage de l energie dans les reseaux electriques

Benoit ROBYNS, Bruno FRANCOIS, Gauthier DELILLE, Christophe SAUDEMONT
ISTE, ISBN-13: 978-1-78405-069-6 , ISBN-10: 1784050695, 2015

L essor des energies renouvelables et le besoin de moyens de transport decarbonnes donnent un nouvel interet pour le stockage de l energie devenu desormais un element cle du developpement durable. Gestion et valorisation du stockage de l energie dans les reseaux electriques presente et compare les differentes technologies de stockage mises en oeuvre a l heure actuelle. Dans une perspective de developpement durable, il etudie plus particuli erement l importance de la gestion energetique de systemes associant source d energie a base de ressources renouvelables et unites de stockage, pour leur integration harmonieuse au sein des reseaux electriques intelligents (smart grids). Pedagogique, cet ouvrage propose egalement des outils methodologiques et des exemples concrets permettant la mise en place d un syst eme de gestion energetique du stockage.
Contenu
1. Problematique du stockage.
2. Etat de l art du stockage de l energie electrique.
3. Valorisation du stockage de l energie dans les reseaux electriques.
4. Introduction a la logique floue et application a la gestion d un stockage inertiel dans un systeme hybride eolien-diesel.
5. Methodologie de construction du superviseur d une source eolienne associee a du stockage.
6. Construction du superviseur d une source hybride multi sources-multi stockages.
7. Gestion et valorisation d un stockage a air comprime adiabatique integre dans un reseau electrique.

disponible ici

[O.7] MICROGRIDS: Dynamics and Control

Hassan BEVRANI, Bruno FRANCOIS, Toshifumi ISE
ISBN-13: 978-1-119-26367-8, 2017

A comprehensive review of microgrid dynamic analysis, control synthesis, and implementations
The microgrid (MG) concept provides a quite appealing solution for overcoming the challenges of integrating renewable energy sources (RESs) and distributed generators (DGs) into power grids. Advances in MG control have improved the MGs potential to be integrated into the electrical power grids in a higher capacity. This improvement not only covers their internal control performance, but also includes the support functionalities to enhance the global operation of power grids.
Microgrid Dynamics and Control is a comprehensive resource that explores MG technologies in the context of renewable power penetration and addresses the challenging control issues. The authors - noted experts in the field - examine the current and long term academic research to offer a summary of the main achievements and the most relevant information available. In addition, the text draws the authors' practical experiences on MGs, electric network monitoring, control design, and power electronic systems.
The text covers MG structure, types, operating modes, modeling, dynamics, and control levels. The physical constraints and engineering aspects of MGs are covered, and developed robust and intelligent control strategies are discussed. This important resource:
- Presents several MG modeling, dynamic analysis methodologies and control synthesis approaches that all are examined by real time simulations and experimental studies
- Covers the MG hierarchical control levels including local, secondary, central/emergency, and global controls to ensure stable, reliable, secure, and economical operation in either grid-connected or islanded operation mode
- Discusses new outcomes and advances in DC MG, virtual synchronous generators, energy management and power control
Microgrid Dynamics and Control offers engineers and operators in power grids planning and operation a thorough discussion of the basic principles of MG modeling and provides information on common operating issues.
Contents
1 Grid-connected Renewable Energy Sources.
2 Renewable Power for Control Support.
3 Microgrids: Concept, Structure, and Operation Modes.
4 Microgrid Dynamics and Modeling.
5 Hierarchical Microgrid Control.
6 DC Microgrid Control.
7 Virtual Synchronous Generators: Dynamic Performance and Characteristics.
8 Virtual Inertia-based Stability and Regulation Support .
9 Robust Microgrid Control Synthesis .
10 IntelligentMicrogrid Operation and Control .
11 Emergency Control and Load Shedding in Microgrids .
13 Microgrid Planning and EnergyManagement .

available here


 

-- Transfert industriel --

Transparents et Programme de la conference "Integration de l energie eolienne au reseau electrique"
Seminaire de leAssociation des Specialistes Electriciens de Tunisie sur le developpement des Energies Eoliennes en Tunisie,
19 novembre 2009, Tunis, Tunisie

Transparents , Article et Programme de la conference "Impact de l eolien sur le reseau de transport et la qualite de l energie"
Journees Electrotechniques du club EEA : Ouverture du marche de l electricite,
15-16 Mars 2006, Supelec, Gif sur Yvette
B. ROBYNS, A. DAVIGNY, C. SAUDEMONT, A. ANSEL, V. COURTECUISSE, B. FRANCOIS, S. PLUMEL, J. DEUSE

[E12] Solution pour la connexion et l apport aux services systeme d eoliennes connectees au reseau de moyenne tension,
B. FRANCOIS, B. ROBYNS, E. DEJAEGER
Journees SEE-SRBE : Eoliennes et reseaux : Enjeux
22 Mars 2005, Lille

 

-- RESEARCH AERA --

My research activities are the modelling and the control of electrical power systems, with emphasis on electrical machines and power electronic converters. An extensive know-how about electrical machines and power electronics and a comprehensive method for their control design ensure a first-rate position in this field of activity.
Currently my research activities are oriented to the integration of renewable energy based generators inside the power system and to the sedign of dedicated future grids, as smart grids, microgrids, ...

Research subjects include:

_ Design, modelling, control and supervision of distributed power generation systems in MV networks

_ Advanced PWM-techniques

_ Control and modulation technique of multilevel converters machines

_ Switching modelling and dynamic properties problems of power electronic converters

_ Modelling and control of multi converters and multi machines systems

_ Advanced control techniques for electrical drives (e.g. artificial neural networks, expert systems, ...)

_ Consultancy for the industry (power electronics, electrical machines, problems related to power electronic supplies of electrical machines, ...)

Published papers into scientifical journals:

[R.1] "Orthogonal Considerations in the Design of Neural Networks for Function Approximation",

B. FRANCOIS,
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, Vol. 41, p.95-108, Elsevier, July 1996

[R.2] Caracterisation des Convertisseurs Matriciels : Part. I) Structure de l Automate de Commande Rapproch e

B. FRANCOIS, J.P. CAMBRONNE, J.P. HAUTIER,
Journal de Physique III, p. 625-639, Mai 1996

[R.3] Caracterisation des Convertisseurs Matriciels : Part. II) Synthese des Fonctions de Connexion

B. FRANCOIS, J.P. CAMBRONNE, J.P. HAUTIER,
Journal de Physique III, p. 641-660, Mai 1996

[R.4] A Strategy for Modelling and Controlling a Single Phase Multilevel Inverter in Mean Values

H. RALAIVAO, B. FRANCOIS,J.P. HAUTIER,
Progress in Simulation, Modeling, Analysis and Synthesis of Modern Electrical and Electronic Devices and Systems, p. 348-353, July 1999, World Scientific Engin ering Society Press, ISBN 960-8052-08-4
A preliminary version was presented at the third Multiconference on CIRCUITS SYSTEMS, COMMUNICATIONS and COMPUTERS : CSCC 99 on July 4-8, 1999, Athens, Gr ece

[R.5] Commande d un onduleur triphase de tension par modulateur de largeur et de position d impulsions

B. FRANCOIS, J.P. HAUTIER,
Revue Internationale de Genie Electrique, p. 359-387, Octobre 1999, Volume 2 No 3

[R.6] Multi-converter Multi-machine Systems : Application for electromechanical drives

A. BOUSCAYROL, B. DAVAT, B. de FORNEL, B. FRANCOIS, J.P. HAUTIER, F. MEIBODY-TABAR, M. PIETRZAK-DAVID
EPJ Applied Physics , Vol. 10, no. 2,May 2000, pp-131-147

[R.7] A Direct Modulation of Electrical Conversions for a Multilevel NPC Chopper

B. FRANCOIS, J. P. HAUTIER
Advances in Systems Science: Measurement, Circuits and Control , p.120-125, July 2001, World Scientific Engin ering Society Press, ISBN 960-8052-39-4, a preliminary version was presented at the five Multiconference on CIRCUITS SYSTEMS, COMMUNICATIONS and COMPUTERS : CSCC 2001 on July 8-15, 2001, Rethymnon, Crete- Gr ece

[R.8] A Torque Estimator for a Switched Reluctance Motor using an Orthogonal Neural Network

BX. Kestelyn , B. FRANCOIS , J.P. HAUTIER
Electrical Engin ering Research Report Journal ,No14, December 2002, ISSN 1126-5310, a preliminary version was presented at SP eDAM 2000 [C.15]

[R.9] Modelling of generated harmonics from a wind energy conversion system based on a doubly fed induction generator

S. EL AIMANI, B. FRANCOIS, B. ROBYNS, F. MINNE
Electromotion Journal vol.10, ne4, October-November 2003, pp. 629-63