|Titre||Maître de conférences|
ACLI Revue internationale avec comité de lecture
| Methodology for technical and economic assessment of electric vehicles integration in distribution grid|
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, Vol. 131, pages. 172-189, 01/2017, Abstract
BOUALLAGA Anouar, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, ROBYNS Benoît
This paper proposes a methodology to design a supervision system (SS) based on Fuzzy and Boolean logics. In the first stage, a graphical modeling tool is used to facilitate the analysis and the determination of Fuzzy–Boolean algorithm linked to the test system. To improve the performance of the proposed SS a genetic algorithm (GA) is implemented in the second stage. The SS objective is used to control electric vehicles (EVs) load in order to minimize the energy transmission costs (ETC) of the distribution system operator (DSO). To achieve this goal, it is necessary to promote local consumption of wind and photovoltaic (PV) power by coordinating them with EVs load, maximize EVs charging during cheaper energy periods and reduce subscribed power exceeding. The performance of the SS is shown by numerical simulation results using Matlab/Simulink. Finally, a Matlab–PowerFactory co-simulation framework is proposed in order to assess supervision system influence on the technical aspects of a real test grid.
| Potential of Vehicle-to-Grid Ancillary Services Considering the Uncertainties in Plug-in Electric Vehicle Availability and Service/Localization Limitations in Distribution Grids|
Applied Energy, Vol. 171, pages. 523-540, 03/2016, URL, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, RIFFONNEAU Yann, ROBYNS Benoît
he aim of the paper is to propose an approach for statistical assessment of the potential of plug-in electric vehicles (PEV) for vehicle-to-grid (V2G) ancillary services, where it focuses on PEVs doing daily home-work commuting. In this approach, the possible ancillary services (A/S) for each PEV ﬂeet in terms of its available V2G power (AVP) and ﬂexible intervals are identiﬁed. The ﬂexible interval is calculated using a powerful stochastic global optimization technique so-called ‘‘Free Pattern Search” (FPS). A probabilistic method is also proposed to quantify the impacts of PEV’s availability uncertainty using the Gaussian mixture model (GMM), and interdependency of stochastic variables on AVP of each ﬂeet thanks to a multivariate modeling with Copula function. Each ﬂeet is analyzed based on its aggregated PEV numbers at different level of distribution grid, in order to satisfy the ancillary services localization limitation. A case study using the proposed approach evaluates the real potential in Niort, a city in west of France. In fact, by using the proposed approach an aggregator can analyze the V2G potential of PEVs under its contract.
| Methodologies for supervision of hybrid energy sources based on storage systems – A survey|
Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, Elsevier, Vol. 91, pages. 52-71, 05/2013, Abstract
ROBYNS Benoît, DAVIGNY Arnaud, SAUDEMONT Christophe
Hybrid Energy Sources based on Storage Systems (HES) are increasingly used to improve the grid integration of renewable energy generators, or to improve the energy efficiency and the reliability of transport systems. This paper proposes a survey on the methodologies to design fuzzy logic based supervision strategies of this new kind of energy generating systems. Different ways to manage energy storage system are particularly discussed. A graphical modeling tool is used to facilitate the analysis and the determination of fuzzy control algorithms adapted to complex hybrid systems. The methodology is divided in different steps covering the design of a supervisor from the system work specifications to an optimized implementation of the control. An Experimental Design Methodology (EDM) combined with optimization algorithms is used to tune a set of parameters suitable for a fuzzy supervisor in order to optimize power, energy, efficiency, voltage quality, economic or environmental indicators. The application of this methodology to the supervision of different topologies of HES, based on renewable energy in a grid or in building applications or dedicated to transport systems, illustrates the performance and the systematic dimension of the approach.
| Fuzzy Logic based Energy Management Strategy for Commercial Buildings Integrating Photovoltaic and Storage Systems|
Energy and Buildings, Elsevier, Vol. 54, pages. 196-206, 12/2012, Abstract
ZHANG He, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COLAS Frédéric, POSTE Y, ROBYNS Benoît
This paper presents an energy management strategy for a commercial building in supermarket application. Some objectives are established as load shedding, to reduce the electricity bill and the CO2 emissions of commercial building, using photovoltaic (PV) and storage systems. An energy management supervision strategy based on the rules of the electricity bill will be presented. This paper focuses on the supervision strategy with the help of fuzzy logic and a graphical methodology to build it. It is shown, with the help of simulations and some economic and ecological indicators that the energy bill cost and the CO2 emissions can be reduced by using the proposed solution
ACLN Revue nationale avec comité de lecture
| Apport du stockage de l’énergie à l’intégration des éoliennes dans les réseaux électriques. Contribution aux services systèmes|
Revue de l’Electricité et de l’Electronique, REE, N°. 5, pages. 77-85, 05/2005, Abstract
ROBYNS Benoît, ANSEL Aymeric, SAUDEMONT Christophe, DAVIGNY Arnaud, CIMUCA Gabriel
Le problème majeur induit par l’intégration en grand nombre d’éoliennes dans les réseaux est dû à leur source primaire difficilement prévisible et très fluctuante qui rend difficile leur participation aux services système (réglage de la tension et de la fréquence, black start, fonctionnement en îloté,…). L’augmentation du taux de pénétration des éoliennes sera donc conditionnée par leur participation à ces différents services, ce qui nécessitera de leur associer des systèmes de stockage de l’énergie électrique. Dans cet article, après une brève synthèse des techniques de stockage de l’énergie adaptées aux réseaux électriques, trois exemples d’étude montrant l’intérêt d’associer du stockage inertiel à des éoliennes sont présentés. Il s’agit d’un couplage éolien-diesel, d’un émulateur temps réel d’une éolienne à vitesse variable associé à du stockage inertiel et de la participation aux services système d’une petite ferme d’éoliennes à vitesse variable intégrant du stockage. Différents apports du stockage sont illustrés par des simulations numériques ou des essais expérimentaux : le lissage de puissance, le réglage de la fréquence et de la tension et l’îlotage.
ACT Conférence internationale avec acte
| Distribution Grid Planning Enhancement Using Profiling Estimation Technic|
CIRED Workshop, 2016, pages. 1-4, 06/2016, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, COUTARD Léo, ROBYNS Benoît
In this study, the load proﬁle estimation is done using the proﬁling technic, and its performance is enhanced using the real consumption values of the consumers. The results of estimation are evaluated using the measured data at the level of HV/MV (High Voltage/Low Voltage) substation and also MV feeders containing industrial and residential consumers and wind power productions. Based on the gap between actual measured data and estimated proﬁles, a correction factor is introduced that is applicable at the level of single MV/LV substations. These factors will be used for grid simulation and planning studies where the results will be more reliable compared to the previous estimation technics.
| V2G Electric Vehicle Charging Scheduling for Railway Station Parking Lots Based on Binary Linear Programming|
IEEE International Energy Conference, ENERGYCON 2016, pages. 1-6, 04/2016, URL, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, DAVIGNY Arnaud, RIFFONNEAU Yann, ROBYNS Benoît
This paper proposes a V2G charging scheduling scheme for energy invoice minimization of railway station parking lots hosting plug-in electric vehicles. Using a two layer optimization technique the daily load proﬁle of the railway station is reduced in order to increase the load factor and minimizing the annual energy invoice (AEI) of the station. Binary linear programming is used as second layer for charging/discharging scheduling problem. The ﬁnal results shows interests of using the proposed approach conducting its impact on minimizing annual optimum subscribed power, maximum demand power and annual energy invoice.
| Contribution and impacts of grid integrated electric vehicles to the distribution networks and railway station parking lots|
23rd International Conference and exhibition on electricity distribution (CIRED2015), pages. 1-5, 06/2015, URL, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, DAVIGNY Arnaud, RIFFONNEAU Yann, COURTECUISSE Vincent, ROBYNS Benoît
This paper presents the contribution of electric vehicles to the distribution grid and railway station parking lots and their uncontrolled charging impacts on these grids. The economic indicators have been chosen as performance criteria. The benefits and advantages of using the charging/discharging coordination in term of economic indicators have been evaluated by using mixed integer linear programming and interior point for nonlinear optimization. The impacts of different charging scenarios have been evaluated and the results show high interests of using coordination charging techniques and V2G technology for grid service providing.
| Traffic-based modeling of electric vehicle charging load and its impact on the distribution network and railway station parking lots|
3rd International Symposium on Environmental Friendly Energies and Applications (EFEA), pages. 1-6, 11/2014, URL, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, RIFFONNEAU Yann, ROBYNS Benoît
In this paper, a traffic-based modeling for electric vehicle charging profile is proposed. An optimization process will find the best-fitted probability distribution function to the real traffic data. The impacts of electric vehicles charging profile on the regional distribution network, and a typical railway station, proposing EVs parking lots facilities, are discussed. The results show a significant increment of annual energy purchase price for the downstream consumers that would be possibly reduced by proposing supervision system aimed to charging coordination.
| Advanced metering infrastructure for real-time coordination of renewable energy and electric vehicles charging in distribution grid|
CIRED Workshop, "Challenges of implementing Active Distribution System Management", Rome, 11-12 June 2014, 06/2014
BOUALLAGA Anouar, KADRI Riad, ALBINET V, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COLAS Frédéric
| The Feasibility of the Ancillary Services for Vehicle-to-Grid Technology|
11th IEEE International Conference on the European Energy Market (EEM2014), Krakow, Poland, 28-30 May 2014, 05/2014, URL, Abstract
SARABI Siyamak, BOUALLAGA Anouar, DAVIGNY Arnaud, ROBYNS Benoît, COURTECUISSE Vincent
This paper explores the feasibility of electric vehicle contribution to the grid ancillary services. Thanks to a probabilistic approach, the technical possibilities of Vehicle-to-grid ancillary services are assessed. Different scenarios with respect to the number of EVs fleet and commuting behavior have been generated to assess the possibility of grid service support in sense of power, energy and appropriate time interval. Each scenario is dedicated to proper ancillary service, where the economic interest for each service has been discussed.
| Optimization of fuzzy supervisor for electric vehicle load in distribution grid|
11th International Conference on Modeling and Simulation of Electric Machines, Converters and Systems, ELECTRIMACS 2014, Valence, Spain, 20-22 mai 2014, 05/2014
BOUALLAGA Anouar, DAVIGNY Arnaud, MERDASSI Asma, COURTECUISSE Vincent, ROBYNS Benoît
| Minimization of Energy Transmission Cost and CO2 Emissions using Coordination of Electric Vehicle and Wind Power (W2V)|
IEEE PES International Conference POWERTECH 2013, Grenoble, 16-20 juin 2013, 06/2013
BOUALLAGA Anouar, MERDASSI Asma, DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, ROBYNS Benoît
| Fuzzy logic based supervisor of a wind farm including storage system and able to work in islanding mode|
32nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (IECON-2006), Paris, 7-10 novembre 2006, 11/2006
DAVIGNY Arnaud, ROBYNS Benoît
| Variable speed turbine based wind farm including storage system
connected to a power grid or islanded
International Conference on Renewable Energy and Power Quality, ICREPQ’06, April 5-7, 2006, Palma de Mallorca, Spain., 04/2006, Abstract
DAVIGNY Arnaud, ROBYNS Benoît
The electricity market liberalization and the development of the decentralized production induce many new scientific and technical problems. The major problem experienced with decentralized energy sources, and particularly renewable energy ones, is that they do not usually contribute to the power network management. Their rate of penetration is then limited (to 30 % of the consumption for instance according to some experience feedback) in order to be able to guarantee the network stability under acceptable conditions. Among these sources, wind energy is expected to grow quickly in Europe during the coming years. Increasing its rate of penetration will be thus possible if this type of source takes part in the ancillary services, and can work in islanding mode. To reach these objectives with wind generators, we consider a Variable Speed Wind Turbine (VSWT) coupled to a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) combined to an energy storage system. Due to important fluctuations of the wind generator power, conventional electrochemical batteries are not adapted. We consider then a Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS. Owing to the use of power electronics, the generator and the storage system are electrically coupled via a DC link. To evaluate the possibility of the proposed generating system (GS) to participate to the ancillary services, we consider in this paper the connection of a wind farm including three generating systems with a network including passive loads and a power grid. Generating systems are working as voltage sources with the help of a frequency droop. It is shown in this paper, with the help of simulations, that the power generated by each generating system can be controlled by fixing the power set point when they are connected to the grid. It is also shown in case of islanding, that they can share the global load of the isolated network like Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) parallel connection. This paper focus particularly on the system behaviour working in islanding mode when load varies.
| Wind and storage system based dispersed generation contribution to power grid ancillary services and network reliability|
2nd International conference on Securing Critical Infrastructures, CRIS 2004, October 25-27, 2004, Grenoble, France., 10/2004, Abstract
DAVIGNY Arnaud, LECLERCQ Ludovic, ANSEL Aymeric, ROBYNS Benoît
The dispersed generation increases into the distribution system. Until now, this generation has generally been considered as “negative loads” because it does not participate directly to the ancillary services (voltage and frequency control, islanding…). But this approach will not be acceptable in the future when the level of penetration of dispersed generation will be over 20% which will be the case in numerous countries by 2010-2020. Indeed, the network stability would be endangered which would increase the risk of black-out. It is then necessary to evaluate the ability of the dispersed generation to participate directly to the ancillary services, which are now priced on the open market. Moreover, the dispersed generation would have to be able to continue to generate in case of network failures like a voltage sag or an islanding. The dispersed generation would then have to be able to work without auxiliary source, ensures the generation-consumption balance, set the adequate frequency, the amplitude of the voltage wave, enhance the network safety and reliability. To reach these objectives with wind generation, we consider a Variable Speed Wind Turbine (VSWT) coupled to a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) combined to an energy storage system. Due to important fluctuations of the wind generator power, conventional electrochemical batteries are not adapted. We consider then a Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS). Owing to the use of power electronics, the generator and the storage system are electrically coupled via a DC link. To evaluate the possibility of the proposed generating system (GS) to participate to the ancillary services, we consider in this paper the interconnection of two of them with a network including passive loads and a power grid. Generating systems are working as voltage sources with the help of a frequency droop. It is shown in this paper, with the help of simulations, that the power generated by each generating system can be controlled by fixing the power set point when they are connected to the grid. It is also shown in case of islanding, that they can share the global load of the isolated network like Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) parallel connection. Finally, it is shown that the proposed generating system is able to continue to generate power during an unbalanced 600ms voltage sag of 20%. It may be noticed that electrical quantities in the network connection of the generating system are controlled with the help of resonant controllers.
| Grid connected or islanded operation of variable speed wind generators associated with flywheel energy storage systems|
Proceedings of the 11th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference, EPE-PEMC 2004, Riga, 2-4 septembre 2004 (CD Rom), 09/2004
LECLERCQ Ludovic, DAVIGNY Arnaud, ANSEL Aymeric, ROBYNS Benoît
ACN Conférence nationale avec acte
| Minimisation des fluctuations de fréquence dues aux générateurs éoliens|
Colloque Electrotechnique du Futur, EF07, Toulouse, 6-7 septembre 2007, 09/2007
DAVIGNY Arnaud, COURTECUISSE Vincent, EL MOKADEM Mostafa, ROBYNS Benoît, DEUSE Jacques
AP Autre publication
| Comportement de l’éolien et perspectives|
Journée SRBE-SEE « 4 novembre 2006 : retour d’expérience d’un blackout évité », Lille, 31 mai 2007., 05/2007
ROBYNS Benoît, COURTECUISSE Vincent, DAVIGNY Arnaud, EL MOKADEM Mostafa, SAUDEMONT Christophe
| Contribution du stockage de l’énergie électrique à la participation aux services système des éoliennes|
Journée SRBE-SEE « Eolien et Réseaux : Enjeux », Lille, 22 mars 2005, 03/2005
ROBYNS Benoît, ANSEL Aymeric, DAVIGNY Arnaud, SAUDEMONT Christophe, CIMUCA Gabriel
INV Conférence invité
| Impact de l’éolien sur le réseau de transport et la qualité de l’énergie|
Actes des Journées Electrotechnique du Club EEA « Ouverture des marchés de l’Electricité », Gif-sur-Yvette, 15-16 mars 2006, 03/2006
ROBYNS Benoît, DAVIGNY Arnaud, SAUDEMONT Christophe, ANSEL Aymeric, COURTECUISSE Vincent
OS Ouvrage scientifique
| Stratégies de contrôle de courant et tension par correcteur résonnant : exemples d’applications à fréquence fixe|
Commande rapprochée de convertisseur statique 2: Contrôle en courant, sous la direction de E. Monmasson, Hermès, 2009, pages. 189-225, 09/2009
PIERQUIN Joseph, DAVIGNY Arnaud, ROBYNS Benoît
| Participation aux services système de fermes éoliennes à vitesse varaiable intégrant du stockage inertiel dénergie|
USTL, 11 décembre 2007, 12/2007